The shipyards, marine engineering, steel making, and heavy industry all contributed to the growth of the city. The main bus terminal in the city is Buchanan bus station. It is a district of elegant townhouses and tenements with cafs, tea rooms, bars, boutiques, upmarket hotels, clubs and restaurants in the hinterland of Kelvingrove Park, the University of Glasgow, Glasgow Botanic Gardens and the Scottish Exhibition and Conference Centre, focused especially on the area's main thoroughfares of Argyle Street (Finnieston), Great Western Road and Byres Road. Parks. This is the commercial and part-residential district of the Merchant City, a name coined by the historian Charles Oakley in the 1960s. The adjoining urban area includes some of Greater Glasgow's most affluent suburban towns, such as Newton Mearns, Clarkston, and Giffnock, all of which are in East Renfrewshire, as well as Thorntonhall in South Lanarkshire. places. Dating from 1771 and 1780, both have been well restored. Most lines were electrified under British Rail. Owing to its westerly position and proximity to the Atlantic Ocean, Glasgow is one of Scotland's milder areas. Much of the housing stock in north Glasgow is rented social housing, with a high proportion of high-rise tower blocks, managed by the North Glasgow Housing Association trading as NG Homes and Glasgow Housing Association. The Glasgow electoral region of the Scottish Parliament covers the Glasgow City council area, a north-western part of South Lanarkshire and a small eastern portion of Renfrewshire. The city centre is based on a grid system of streets on the north bank of the River Clyde. Glasgow is also home to six women's football teams. Glasgow's city centre is home to flagship stores, impressive shopping centres and designer favourites all within an easily walkable area. The junior team, Maryhill F.C. Yet it was not until after the union of the Scottish and English crowns (1603) that Glasgow grew significantly. WebFeaturing: Pollok House, The Tenement House, The Tearoom at The Botanics, &. Glasgow is Scotlands largest city, and it forms an independent council area that lies entirely within the historic county of Lanarkshire . Districts of Blackhill, Shawfield and the east end of Glasgow Green. Most other services within Scotland the main line to Edinburgh, plus services to Aberdeen, Dundee, Inverness and the Western Highlands operate from Queen Street station. There are many areas containing a high concentration of sandstone tenements like Shawlands, which is considered the "Heart of the Southside", with other examples being Battlefield, Govanhill and Mount Florida. The population was static for a time; but due to migration from other parts of Scotland as well as immigration from overseas, the population has begun to grow. , In the Brexit referendum, results varied from constituency to constituency. On older maps Glasgow is shown within the area of the pre-1975 county of Lanarkshire; from 1975 to 1996 it appears within Strathclyde Region; more recent maps generally show Glasgow as one of 32 Council Areas in Scotland. , In 2013, PETA declared Glasgow to be the most vegan-friendly city in the UK.. The city of Glasgow was appointed a UNESCO City of Music on 20 August 2008 as part of the Creative Cities Network. WebGlasgow city centre is one of the best shopping destinations in the UK, outside of London's West End, and when it comes to nightlife, Glasgow knows what it's doing. Glasgow is Scotlands largest city, and it forms an independent council area that lies entirely within the historic county of Lanarkshire . Shopping Late in the century Glasgow experienced a new wave of revitalization and construction. Our guests praise the helpful staff and the overall 4.6/5 Wonderful! Few ancient buildings have survived the industrial era, apart from the cathedral and Provands Lordship (1471), Glasgows oldest house, but the historic district known as Glasgow Cross, just east of the modern city centre, preserves buildings and streetscapes from the 17th and 18th centuries and is well endowed with parks and cultural amenities, including the Scottish Opera, the Scottish Ballet, the Royal Scottish National Orchestra, and Kelvingrove Art Gallery and Museum. WebAs Scotlands largest city, Glasgow is famed for its culture, shopping and people. since 1909. Glasgow's contemporary dance music scene has been spearheaded by Slam, and their record label Soma Quality Recordings, with their Pressure club nights attracting DJs and clubbers from around the world, which was previously held at The Arches but following that venue's closure due to claims of unsafe level of drug use has moved to Sub Club. The one-off grant is available to parents and carers in Glasgow with children at home and who receive council tax reductions. The city is notable for architecture designed by the Glasgow School, the most notable exponent of that style being Charles Rennie Mackintosh. The downtown area has several major shopping centres and arcades fully stocked with global brands as well as more local offerings. GHA was formed in 2002 with the merger of two of Glasgow's leading clubs at the time, Glasgow Southern RFC and Hutchesons Aloysians RFC. As of 2021 the facilities at the still new park are quite lacking. The city's new trades and sciences attracted new residents from across the Lowlands and the Highlands of Scotland, from Ireland and other parts of Britain and from Continental Europe. Other strategic roads in the city include the East End Regeneration Route, which provides easier access to areas of the East End, linking the M8 to the extended M74. This is Glasgow's "Downton Abbey" and depicts life in the victorian times of Sir John Stirling Maxwell and his family. 12. Glasgow has the most extensive urban rail network in the UK outside London, with rail services travelling to a large part of the West of Scotland. The Arlington inspired other Swimming Clubs and the Western Baths, which opened in 1876, is also still in existence in nearby Hillhead.  Treated sludge was dumped at sea, and Glasgow Corporation owned six sludge ships between 1904 and 1998, when the EU Urban Waste Water Treatment Directive ended the practice. WebFrom independent stores to high street retailers, Glasgow is the best shopping city. Shopping Towards the end of the twentieth century, it became a centre of the struggle against the poll tax; which was introduced in Scotland a whole year before the rest of the United Kingdom and also served as the main base of the Scottish Socialist Party, another left-wing political party in Scotland. The city was the European Capital of Culture in 1990 and is notable for its architecture, culture, media, music scene, sports clubs and transport connections. The city centre is also home to four of Glasgow's higher education institutions: the University of Strathclyde, the Royal Conservatoire of Scotland, Glasgow School of Art and Glasgow Caledonian University, and to the largest college in Britain the City of Glasgow College in Cathedral Street. "Glasgow is the largest city in Scotland, and the third largest in the United Kingdom. Of Scotland's 25 largest cities and towns, only Inverness, the unofficial capital of the Highlands, has a higher percentage of Gaelic speakers. (2001) council area, 577,869; urban area, 935,760; (2011) council area, 593,245; urban area, 957,620. In the Referendum of 2014 turnout was 75%, the lowest in Scotland; in the Brexit referendum the city's voters, while joining the rest of Scotland in voting to remain part of the EU, again had a low turnout of 56.2%, although SNP MP Angus Robertson placed this in the historical context of traditional low turnout in Glasgow. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/place/Glasgow-Scotland, British History Online - Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom, Undiscovered Scotland - Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom, Gazetteer for Scotland - Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom, Glasgow - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Glasgow - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). With the onset of the Industrial Revolution, the population and economy of Glasgow and the surrounding region expanded rapidly to become one of the world's pre-eminent centres of chemicals, textiles and engineering; most notably in the shipbuilding and marine engineering industry, which produced many innovative and famous vessels.  Glasgow is now the second most popular foreign tourist destination in Scotland (fifth in the UK) and offers Scotland's largest retail centre. , Industrial action at the shipyards gave rise to the "Red Clydeside" epithet. With a diverse culinary scene, abundance of pubs and bars as well as some of the UK's best music venues, this is the city for the night owls. Overcast and humid conditions without rain are frequent. Glasgow has the largest economy in Scotland and the third-highest GDP per capita of any city in the UK. This was abbreviated to "Let Glasgow Flourish" and adopted as the city's motto. 12. They have won the Melrose 7s in both 2014 and 2015 and were also crowned champions of the Pro12 at the end of the 2014/15 season after beating Irish side Munster in Belfast. Stay at this 4-star business-friendly hotel in Glasgow. Govan is a district and former burgh in the south-western part of the city. Rutherglen and Cambuslang transferred to South Lanarkshire. , In the 1960s and 1970s, many Asians also settled in Glasgow, mainly in the Pollokshields area.  Among the historic vessels constructed there were the famed tea clipper Cutty Sark, the Royal Navy battlecruiser HMSHood, and the transatlantic luxury liners Aquitania, RMSQueen Mary, RMSQueen Elizabeth, and RMSQueen Elizabeth II. The city has a strong community radio sector, including Celtic Music Radio, Subcity Radio, Radio Magnetic, Sunny Govan Radio, AWAZ FM and Insight Radio. 110 Bath Street, Glasgow, Scotland, G2 2EN. $80. The River Clyde also became an important source of inspiration for artists, such as John Atkinson Grimshaw, John Knox, James Kay, Sir Muirhead Bone, Robert Eadie and L.S.  The large suburb of Pollokshields comprises both a quiet western part with undulating tree-lined boulevards lined with expensive villas, and a busier eastern part with a high-density grid of tenements and small shops. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions.  The massive demand at that time outstripped the pace of new building, and many originally fine tenements often became overcrowded and unsanitary. There are also a large number of smaller venues and bars, which host many local and touring musicians, including Stereo, 13th Note and Nice N Sleazy. Shipping, banking, insurance and professional services expanded at the same time. In 2006 Zaha Hadid won a competition to design the new Museum of Transport. The Protestant churches are the largest in number, including Baptist, Episcopalian, Methodist and Presbyterian. Flights The prosperity of Glasgows shipbuilding and heavy industry was badly shaken after World War I, and its industry has since tended toward greater variety. It is proposed for closure in 2019. , Glasgow has seven synagogues, including the Romanesque-revival Garnethill Synagogue in the city centre. Expanding from the medieval bishopric and royal burgh, and the later establishment of the University of Glasgow in the 15th century, it became a major centre of the Scottish Enlightenment in the 18th century. WebApex City of Glasgow Hotel. Glasgow was established in the late 1800s as a railroad town. Straddling the border between historic Lanarkshire and Renfrewshire, the city now forms the Glasgow City Council area, one of the 32 council areas of Scotland, and is governed by Glasgow City Council. It is situated on the River Clyde in the country's West Central Lowlands. WebThe University of Glasgow is a major research-led university operating in an international context with the following fundamental aims: * to provide education through the development of learning in a research environment * to undertake fundamental, strategic and applied research * to make a major contribution to local, regional, national and 32% of the population follow the Protestant Church of Scotland whilst 29% following the Roman Catholic Church, according to the 2001 census (Christians overall form 65%). Follow this walking trail, or use its interactive map to find your favourite murals. On the regional vote, the Glasgow electoral region is represented by four Labour MSPs, two Conservative MSPs and one Green MSP..
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